Birsa Munda was an Indian tribal freedom fighter, religious leader, and folk hero who belonged to the Munda tribe.
He was the founder of a new religion called Birsait.
The state of Jharkhand was created on Munda’s birth anniversary to commemorate his contribution to the freedom struggle.
He fought the British and championed the rights of tribal people, and helped abolish the feudal system that plagued the Adivasi lands in Jharkhand and Bihar.
The only tribal leader whose portrait hangs in the Central Hall of the Indian Parliament as a mark of honor.
Note: Mahasweta Devi wrote a novel ‘Aranyer Adhikar, on the life of Birsa Munda and his rebellion against the British Raj. The novel won her the Sahitya Akademi Award for Bengali in 1979.